Inappropriate Elimination Behavior
The problem of elimination is the behavior most often observed in consultation. This behavior, in fact, is the first cause of abandonment or euthanasia. Typical elimination behavior consists in defecation, urination or spraying to mark territory. Defecation has nothing to do with marking. The cat will cover his stools within his territory, not on the limits of the territory.
In the, the cat likes a clean litter box, with absorbent texture, and I possible, a natural odor. Use of a litter box is innate, scratching is learned. Usually, when a cat doesn’t use his litter box, he actually senses an impending change in his environment (whether internal or external).
- However, there are other medical causes (cystic for example) which can be associated with the use of a litter box. When a cat modifies his habits, it is advised to check the health of the animal.
- Another distinct possibility is the size o the box: the size must be big enough to allow for comfortable movement within it.
- Daily cleansing of the box is important.
- You must wash the entire box every two weeks, at least. The owner should wash the box with hot water, soap and liquid bleach. It is also recommended to use baking soda.
- Certain cats are sensitive to changes brought to their litter box.
- The box must not be too close to or bedding, because the cat needs peace.
- In an area with many cats, it is very important for each cat to have his own litter box, and must be placed in different areas within the territory.
- The quantity of litter can also influence the elimination behavior.
- The next stage consists in making the litter box more interesting, and actual marking spots far less interesting than the litter box. This is where the use of the collar comes in. Place the device at the designated marking place, watch the cat from a distance, and as soon as he is near the spot, us the spray. Then, immediately bring the cat to his litter box. Repeat as often as necessary .
Often, moving the litter box to the spot where there is inappropriate elimination is sufficient to shift the behavior pattern. For example, it a cat eliminates near his litter box, you must check the size of the box and how often it is cleaned.
If the cat eliminates elsewhere, like the bathtub, check the texture and the size of the litter box. The owner must be on the lookout and reward his cat for correct use of the litter box. When the owner must leave the, it is best to confine the cat in a room.
Note: There now exists a form of litter which facilitates cleaning. The urine binds with the litter to form a ball which is easily scooped out of the box. All you need to do is pick up the balls and the stools.