One can distinguish two types of negative conditionings: the remote and the interactive.
The interactive conditioning, or direct conditioning, is recommended for those exemplars that possess dominant characters or well for the owners who need to increase the margin of subordination of his dog. This will only be effective when the animal has misbehaved. It results useless to apply the interactive conditioning a while after the mischievous action has occurred. This conditioning has to be applied immediately after the action has been performed in order to have a small possibility for the dog to relate the punishment to that specific deed.
However, if after restraining an inadequate attitude showed or performed by the dog you still wish to join the increasing dominance coming from a specific member of the family; then, the proper thing to do is -of course- apply the conditioning at the same time in which you catch the dog misbehaving.
In these cases the most proper thing to do is combine a severe verbal reprehension ( No. Bad dog!!! ) with a mild physical punishment, holding the dog from the skin folds in the upper part of the neck, and shaking it slightly. We will keep this attitude until the dog shows a clear sign of submission.
Also, a slight slap on the hind may be very effective, though it is not recommended to be used constantly. When receiving a slap right after the bad deed, the dog will relate this, on one hand, to its owners anger, and on the other hand, and most importantly to the inadequate behavior he has showed. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of this practice is limited to the presence of the master in most of the cases.
If you wish to remove the need of human presence from the animal's good behavior, one must apply is the negative remote conditioning. Within this kind of conditioning one should distinguish from two types: of aversion and of contact.
In any of the cases, the most effective type of punishment for bad conduct is the remote conditioning. This is because one cuts the link of human presence from the application of the conditioning. Therefore the only common feature with the interactive conditioning is that it must be applied immediately after the act has been completed. To achieve this, we will have to be certain that the forms employed will not be associated by the dog with our presence. One of the ways to do this is to use of acoustic aversion (horns, ultrasonic sounds, rough and sudden noises, etc.) and of contact (throwing light weight objects, water sprays, etc.)
In order for anyone to apply any sort of conditioning, be it positive or negative, one must be able to produce the conditions that provoke the behavior one immediately wishes to encourage or repress the dog for in a controlled manner. Act as explained previously. This is the most effective method to mitigate the owner's lack of authority, which is probably the origin of most of the problems a dog may have.
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