Alaskan Malamute Breed Origins and Caracteristics

As the Eskimos colonized other polar regions (Alaska, Canada and Greenland), their dogs expanded to other regions. Gradually, independent breeds in each one of them appeared. In the northeast of Alaska where the malamutes and other tribes settled, a breed of sleigh dogs appeared; later it received the name of that tribe. At first, these magnificent dogs were raised with a sole objective: make them obtain greater achievements. They were mainly used to pull from sleighs but also to protect the properties of men and for hunting. Only the most resistant animals could bear the severe winter conditions of Alaska. When the Europeans colonized Alaska, they also used the malamute as draught dog. When the period of the conquest of the Great North ended, this breed started to decline. Then when the teams of dogs were used with sport purposes, the breeding of this dog was revitalized. Due to its relatively heavy constitution, the Alaskan malamute was used especially for resistance races of great distances. For the speed races, it is less advisable to use them in comparison to other lighter breeds, but their characteristics are superior when it comes to pulling these heavy loads. In the outline 2 there is a team called long fan.

The Alaskan malamute is a kind, intelligent, obedient, easy-to-train dog that relates well with children, but it needs a firm hand, especially when working in groups, because if the head of the dogs is not forceful enough, it will constantly fight to hold the dominant position.

Size: male 56-63 cm; female 50-58 cm in an ideal size. Weight: male 38 kg approximately; female 34 kg approximately. Colors: all the ranges of light gray or black with a white mask and white body; the back and the upper part of the head are usually darker than the rest of the body (1). In one-color dogs, only white is authorized. The patches or irregular marks are not accepted. The tail must be straight and not rolled over the back. The Alaskan malamute is different from the husky, to which is very similar because the skeleton is solid, the body is shorter, the head is heavier and wider and the end of the snout is less sharp.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet