Buying a Puppy

In order to purchase a puppy, go to a reliable breeder. Thus you will be certain that you are getting a good specimen. If the breeder is not an expert in this matter, it would be better that you ask someone who knows well the breed that you want. It is not so easy to choose the best puppy of a litter when they are 6 or 8 days old. The puppy is separated from its mother when it is already independent and sort of autonomous, generally near the seventh or eighth week. A serious breeder will never give the puppy away before this term. If you can see the puppy's mother before buying it, you will have a great advantage, since you will see more about the genealogy of the dog. Even so, this is an essential document that will extremely appreciate if you become a breeder. Without pedigree, you can not participate in any show, or any canine competition.

Think before deciding either to buy a male or female. A male generally has a stronger personality and so it is more difficult to educate. When he becomes an adult, he will try to mark with his urine several objects; it will be difficult, for example, to lose the habit of urinating in the garden under the bushes, trees or big plants. If he runs into female dogs in heat, the dog will become nervous and will try to get out running after her, and will scratch the door, etc. A female dog is normally quieter and it is easy to dominate her. She does not mark her territory and in this way she escapes from the problems that male involves. But the female dog is in heat twice a year. Her smell attracts the males in the surrounding area which will try to reach her and they may even sleep at your house door. When you take the female dog out for a walk, you should be vigilant that the males do not bother her. Until now we have explained the problems or unpleasant aspects. Although some of them can be corrected, it is good that you know them before taking a decision.

In order to choose a puppy, watch them carefully for the longest time possible the little ones of the litter. You will see some quieter, more energetic or on the contrary gets some that get more scared than others. Study, for example, their behavior when they listen to strong noises: do they pay attention or get frightened? Regarding the result, choose the one which behavior is more convenient. Ask the breeder if the puppies have been wormed and what products they have used. The treatment must be repeated occasionally during a certain period of time; you should also know the date and dose of the last intervention. The tail in certain breeds is cut short. This is usually done a few days after the birth. If the ears have to be also cut short, the owner will have to be in charge of it.

Nowadays there are effective vaccines against numerous infectious diseases. Preventive vaccination is normally practiced more since the third month, although in some cases the puppies must be provisionally vaccinated in the fifth week. Ask the breeder or a veterinarian for advice both on this subject and on others that you may have. Each vaccination will be registered on a dog sanitary card.

Inform yourself about the type and quantity of food that the dog receives. The first days it would be better to respect it. A change in the nourishment combined with a change of the environment can create serious digestive problems. If you modify the food, you should do it little by little, and in any case, once the puppy eats with confidence in its new home.

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