Caniche or Poodle Breed Origins and Caracteristics
Although this breed is one of the most ancient, there is not an agreement about the country of origin. The Germans consider that the poodle is what they call: Pudel, as a German breed, and the French as the French breed. The FCI agrees with the French which are responsible for the standard. At first, the poodle was a hunting dog especially used to work in water, as its name says so: old German "Pfudel" means "swampy land" and in French "caniche" comes from "canard", duck.
It is interestingly to point out that the poodle has always been sheared. In his Historia Animalium from 1551, Conrad Gesner said that there are waterwith the hair cut just like the lions. The poodle hair can form locks or ringlets. The poodles with ringlets have a dense, pretty, curly, thick and uniform hair. The poodles with locks in their hair are very rare. They have abundant hair like cords or chain stitches, of the same length, that must measure at least 20 cm; the longer the better. The hairdressing is laborious and it starts in the fourth month. The poodles are raised by categories of different sizes. In the court of Louis XVI, the miniature poodles existed already.
The poodle is considered as one of the most intelligent. Nowadays, it is not longer used as a hunting dog, but exclusively as a pet dog.
Size: large poodle (1) 45-58 cm; medium poodle (2) 34-45 cm; small poodle 28-35 cm. Thewhich size does not exceed 28 cm belong to the poodle group. Weight: large poodle 30 kg; medium 5-7 kg; miniature up to 5 kg. Colors: for all the sizes: brown, gray, apricot (2), and white (1). When they are born, the puppies of silver poodles are black and its hair gets fairer gradually from the sixth week.
Around the sixth month, the hair of the puppies has to be to cut – the hair is cut uniformly, leaving 1-2 cm long hair in all the body. For exhibitions three hair cuts are accepted: "lion-like" (1), modern (2) that was not recognized by the FCI until 1965 with the new standard or "English-like". Other variations (3) are not accepted in the exhibitions.