Cocker Breed Origins and Caracteristics
The cocker is one of the most ancient hunting dog breeds. At first the Spaniels were considered as a homogenous group of hunting breed and they were not differentiated except for their weight (less or more than 25 pounds). In the 18th century, the "Springing Spaniel" bigger and "the Cocker Spaniel" were differentiated. The Cocker was created from a small type of dog used especially to hunt woodcocks. This term was used for the first time in 1893. The first standard of the breed established in 1902 have remained practically unaltered until our days. The cockers have great qualities of a hunter it has an excellent sense of smell and likes tracking; it pushes the prey to the hunter barking a lot and it picks the pieces up. It is very docile and easy to dominate, it is affectionate with the people in thebut it is mistrustful and vigilant with strangers. It is not a surprise that it had won the non-hunters' heart. Fashion, which in many countries made the cocker popular and multiply, has not rendered a great service to selective breeding; in fact, people have been more interested in the quantity rather than the quality; the character has been more important than the external aspect.
Despite this, the cocker's innate qualities of a hunter have not been affected. Therefore, in many breeders theseare trained exclusively for the hunt. The cocker's silky, long and layered hair must be groomed and combed every day; and it needs to be prepared before the exhibition.
Size: up to 40 cm. Weight: 11-13 kg. The color is very variable, either one-color black, red or gold (2) or various colors, white with patches or with small black, red or orange patches (blue roan, orange roan). Theare considered tricolor (1), when besides the already mentioned patches in the aforementioned colors they have some small tan patches on the head and legs. Naturally there is tricolor roan. The black and tan specimens are black with tan patches on the head an in the internal part of the ears and legs; they must have a tan tuft in the tail and a tan tuft in the anus. This type of color is judged in the same category as the one-color cockers. The tail that is cut short, although not in excess it must be kept parallel to the line of the back and never vertically. The lower it is the better. The position of the beginning of the ears is very important. It should start at the level of the external angle of the eye or even lower.