Dog Terminology

The illustrated section provides several terms that require certain explanation. It is about the names that refer to the dog anatomy. The outline is more explicit than the detailed description. It indicated how to measure the dog size. If it is not specified, it is understood that all the measures have been done from the floor to the cross.

In many breeds, the standard demands that the differences between the male and female be established. It is not naturally a distinction between the sexual organs but the difference in the body general structure: the male has a rougher constitution, the head is more solid, the jaws are longer and angular, the neck is stronger and the attitude is more confident. The female is more delicate, her head is narrower and less heavy, the jaws are weaker and the neck is finer. His attitude is less confident. These differences are not evident in all the cases; that is why they are mentioned except in the breeds where these differences exist.

The color of the coat also has different names. The fur is simple when it has only one color, compound when it has various colors. The plaques are big patches on a light-colored background; a saddle is a color patch as a saddle over the dog's back. A roan fur is formed by intermingled reddish, blond and white hair. Another name is striped color which means there are transversal strips on a lighter-colored background. Many colors make reference to a similarity with the color or skin of wild animals, but they do not define with great precision the color but they make reference to the skin of a lion, or a quail, etc. Other names refer to the resemblance to diverse objects: salt and pepper, dead leaf, etc.

Many colors have a particular specification. Dappled is a mixture of white and red hair, wolf-like is the hair that has a different color in the root and at the tip: the color is lighter at the root than at the tips. Gray is when black and white hairs are mixed; blue is a variant of this one. The pious is a layer of white background with color patches, the harlequin is a pious layer with patches, quail is a pious layer with stripped patches. Tricolor is a pious layer where white prevails with black and reddish patches.

The color of the head must have many peculiarities. The dog can have a star (a light-color patch or strip on the forehead), a facade (a part of the face that is more darkened), a mask (a face with a lighter color making contrast with the more darkened zone around the eyes), highlights (lighter-color patches scattered regularly on the face, especially around the eyes). If the patches are in the internal part of the ears and limbs (in most cases in the tarsus and carpus), the rear part of the muscles and under the tail, and if the dog is black then the colors are black and tan.

Type of colors

  • plaques
  • patches
  • saddle
  • coat
  • stripped or tiger pattern

Body parts and terms

  • nose
  • nose bridge
  • stop
  • cranium
  • cross
  • back
  • haunches
  • base or root of the tail
  • neck
  • chest
  • shoulder
  • elbow
  • knee
  • fingers or claws
  • thigh
  • knee
  • hock
  • dewclaw
  • A. measure of the cross height

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