Pembroke Welsh Corgi Breed Origins and Caracteristics

Towards the 10th century, it is known that there were short-legged sheepdogs in Wales. Its origin comes from the dogs that arrived to the British Islands in Viking ships. These small dogs watched over herds of lambs, cattle or ponies. In Wales, there are two types of dogs. One of them is small and it has a natural short tail, (or cut); the other is a little bit bigger and its tail that directs to the horizontal line reminds us of a fox. These dogs did not appear in exhibitions until 1925, but the two types are not quite different. In 1928 the English kennel Club recognized the Welsh Corgi as an independent breed. Later, the two types were raised separately and since 1934, they got independent standards and they should not be crossed between each other.

The smaller type without a tail is called Pembroke Welsh Corgi. The bigger one has a fox tail and it is called Cardigan Welsh Corgi. The two breeds are different because of other features. The Pembroke has a slightly more pronounced stop, the feet are oval-shaped and the hair is generally longer. The Welsh corgi is affectionate, intelligent and shows affection with children. The cardigan is calmer than the Pembroke, which is more vivacious. During the last years, the popularity of the two breeds has increased.

In Sweden there is an interesting breed of dog that is very similar to Welsh Corgi. It is Vastgötaspets, raised by farmers and peasants. These dogs are good guardians, loyal and brave. We should find their origins in the Vikings' dogs.

Pembroke Welsh Corgi (1)

Size: 25-31 cm. Weight: 8, 5-11, 5 kg. Colors: in most cases, brownish red, sandy, tawny or tan black; other combinations are also authorized where white is predominant. The white patches on the limbs, neck or chest are also authorized.

Cardigan Welsh Corgi (2). Size: male 30 cm, female 27 cm. Weight: male 9-12.5 kg, female 8.5-11 kg. All the colors are authorized, except pure white.

Vastgötaspets (3). Size: 33-40 cm. Weight: 9-14 kg. Colors: gray with black hair tips, reddish yellow, reddish brown, chest studded with blue and gray or straw-color.

In many short-legged dog breeds, the front legs are slightly crooked towards the inside. The Pembroke welsh corgi, the cardigan welsh corgi and the vastgötaspets must have straight limbs and the elbow joint should be supported against the body.

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