Pumi Breed Origins and Caracteristics

In the 9th century, when the magyors came from the East and settled in Europe, they brought along with their herds dogs perfectly adapted to the steppe weather. Gradually, they got diversified in three breeds of different sizes. In the 17th and 18th centuries because of crossbreeding the Pomeran spitz with the briard, the pumi was born, which was used in multiples purposes as sheepdog, guardian and predator hunter. The other two breeds are characterized by its typical fur that becomes knotted and get tangled. The Puli, the smallest one, is a true sheepdog, equally used to watch over pigs. The most ancient breed is the Komondor, which is the biggest and it is especially used to defend the herds.

None of these three breeds should live in an apartment. These animals are too noisy, too vivacious, they can be aggressive and its hair demands a special care. Instead, the curled hair of the pumi does not get tangled and that is why it should be groomed once a week. Thus its care is very simple. The pumi and komondor puppies have soft, cotton-like hair which later (in the komondor only since the ninth month) becomes a typical filtered hair. The tangled locks should be separated in small pieces of hair or in cords of pencil-width with the help of a special knife, scissors or a knife, starting from the root of the hair towards the outside. The grooming allows cleaning the sweet and dead hairs. The hair should be controlled regularly so all the locks do not mix again. The female dogs of this breed lose partially their hair after delivering the puppies, especially on the leg, the abdomen and thorax, except in all the body. Hair loss can be produced due to diseases or bad nourishment.

Pumi (1). Size: 35.5-45.5 cm. Weight: 8-13 kg. Colors: all the ranges of gray or black.

Puli (2). Size: male 40-44 cm, female 37-41 cm. Weight: male 13-16 kg, female 10-12 kg. Colors: black or black with a reddish touch, all the ranges of gray and white.

Komondor (3). Size: male 80 cm approximately though never less than 66 cm; female 70 cm approximately; never less than 56 cm. Weight: male 50-60 kg, female 40-50 kg. Colors: white.

In the three breeds, the tail has to be chalkboard gray, strongly pigmented. The nose, the palate and the claws should be dark gray or even better black. The hair falls over the face stressing the head shape; according to the standard the hair must fall on the line of the back.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet