Spitz Breed Origins and Caracteristics

The Spitz is an old German breed that is mentioned in the 15th century. Its ancestors are among the dogs of lacustrine civilizations of the Stone Age, which had a similar appearance to that of the Spitz. The German have created different varieties; there are especially black Spitz in Wutemberg, white spitz in Pomeranian and black ones in Westfalia. They are small in surroundings of Stuttgart and in the valley under the Neckar, and bigger in the north. In Holland there is a great gray Spitz, the Keeshond, but the FCI considers that this breed is identical to the German wolf Spitz. In 1889, the Spitz breeders created in Germany the association Verein für deutsche Spitze and established the standards for the different sizes and colors of the breed.

The Spitz is used especially as a guard dog. They are vigilant and mistrustful by nature with strangers; the advantage is that they are not of the stray kind. They are less demanding, they are loyal and they have a very attractive physical appearance; they have all the characteristics of a good pet dog. From the original colors, other spectacular tones have appeared, such as orange and its abundant mane gives them an impressive aspect. Nowadays, the small Spitz is appreciated because it is more adequate to live in an apartment. The Spitz was created in England, from the Pomeranian Spitz and even today it is called Pomeranian dog.

The dogs are classified in several categories, depending on their size.

The wolf Spitz (1) measures at least 45 cm; the Great Spitz (2) 40 cm at least; the medium-sized Spitz 29-36 cm; the Small Spitz (3) 23-28 cm and the Miniature Spitz (4) up to 22 cm. The wolf Spitz is different from the Great Spitz because of its height and rougher hair. The weights are 30 kg approximately for the wolf Spitz and a maximum of 35 kg for the small one. There is not an indication for the Great Spitz or the medium-sized and miniature Spitz. Color: silver grayish wolf with a hair tip that is black (1), white, dark brown, black and both the lower layer of hair and the skin, orange (only in the small Spitz-5) The Small Spitz is raised in other colors such as blue, cream, with spots, etc. but these colors are not included in the range of official colors.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet