The Pekinese Spaniel Breed Origins and Caracteristics
According to a Chinese fable, once a lion fell in love with a monkey, from this union, the Pekinese was born. It took its beautiful and deep eyes after the monkey, and it took its tranquility, bravery and mane after the lion. During centuries, the Pekinese was an exclusive animal of the Imperial Palace of Peking; nobody except the Emperor could have one of these, under penalty of death. It is known that these were already raised in the Imperial Palace in the 8th century under T'ang dynasty. When the English soldiers conquered the Palace in 1860 and the imperial family was forced to escape, the Empress gave the order to kill all the Pekinese so they would not end in the hands of the "white Barbarians". But five were hid behind the curtains and escaped from their destiny. Two English officials took them to England. The Richmond Duchess received four and a bitch was offered to the Queen Victoria. This bitch was named Lootie and it is exactly known how she was because the Queen asked a famous painter Landseer to make a portrait. The painting is still kept in Windsor. To her death, Lootie was sent to the British Museum where now we can see her desiccated. We know that the primitive Pekinese was different from the one we know – the current type is the result of selective efforts of British breeders. All the Pekinese descended from these five specimens. Only after the First World War, their descendants were brought to China.
The Pekinese have a variable character, but they keep their mischievous temperament until an old age.
Size: 15-25 cm, the smaller they are, the more valued they are, but in any case they look like miniature. Weight: 3.5-6 kg. All the colors are authorized, except for the albinos and the chestnut color. All the one-color can have straw-colored patches in diverse tonalities or have white patches. A black mask (1) is accepted. Among the multi-colors white prevails, the color patches are regular and the head has to have a white star.
The face, very characteristic, is wide and the modern type has a characteristic fold on the nose bridge. The nose bridge must be as short as possible and it has to be located at same level of the eyes. The cheeks must not be fallen under the eyes (2).