Veterinarian Akron Ohio -Veterinary
I have a veterinarian clinic in Akron Ohio and a fellow veterinarian in Australia just sent me this article about these buffaloes they have over there. Water buffaloes are quite common in certain parts of Australia and are even kept as pets. But before you go and ask your mum for one, just make sure you've got enough space. These critters can grow up to 180cm tall and weigh up to 1200kg. There are 3 main types of buffalo:
Water Buffalo (also known as Swamp Buffalo and Indian Buffalo): are found in south East Asia and were introduced to Australia in the 1800s. They produce speciality milk, cheese and yogurts.
Males are called bulls and have bigger, square shaped necks.
Females are called buffalo cows and have rounder necks.
Buffalo calves and cows live in groups. A female calf remains with its mother – often for life.
Buffaloes are active mainly at night and at dusk, spending the rest of the day wallowing in mud or resting in woodlands.
Aboriginal people hunt buffaloes in Arnhem land and they even feature in their stories and culture.
The Water Buffalo was introduced to Australia from Indonesia in the 1820s and 1830s. They were used in the British settlements to mainly pull carts. When the outposts were abandoned, the buffalo escaped or were set free. They thrived in the wild, especially along the coastal plains that turn into swamps in the wet season. These days you'll find Water Buffalo in the freshwater floodplains of the Top End and along creek lines through Arnhem Land. During the 1980s, the Australian government tried to control the population of feral Water Buffalo through a Brucellosis and tuberculosis eradication campaign. But they've proved a hardy breed and they've come back stronger than before.