Choosing a Dog Breeder

When choosing a dog breeder it is important for a pedigree female to breed with a male of her level. We have to have in mind the genealogy of the breeder and prevent consanguinity. In effect, genetic tares can appear eventually. Morphology is also a criterion of selection, especially in medium sized dogs. It is preferable if the male is smaller than the female. We must also have in mind that genetics is capricious and the dog's moral behaviors (docility, among other aptitudes) are not always transmitted from one generation to the next.

The technical accomplishment of the mounting of dogs: The two animals must be health and no suspicious fluids should be observed in either. The ideal thing is to go to the veterinarian the night before so that we are sure that the animals don't have an infection. We can proceed to cleaning the dog's sexual organs before reproduction with gynecological disinfectants. Always clean from the inside to the outside to prevent bacteria from entering. After taking these precautions, let their instinct work: if the two animals aren't too young, they will find the best solution on their own. If the female is a little bit startled we can help calm her down.

Artificial dog insemination: This is a technique that breeders can use to control all the phases of reproduction perfectly, as normal people can use it to prevent medical problems; this is especially favorable when the female does not want to accept the male. The insemination can be done with fresh sperm or frozen sperm and can be kept in slides. This must be done by a specialist.

Different Dog Breeders use different techniques: The semen is deposited at the end of the vagina, near the neck of the uterus. A kind of gun is used that prevent the semen from regressing. This material is made to prevent any kind of wound in the female. The female is inseminated 2 times with a 48 hour interval, after observing the optimal period of her heat. Nowadays there are dog sperm banks, which have as an objective the genetic improvement of the breeds. The frozen sperm is still the property of the male's owner. He is the one you will have to contact if you wish to inseminate a female.

Gestation: The duration of gestation in dogs varies between 56 and 70 days. The owners usually want a fast diagnostic of gestation and also want to know how many puppies the female will have. The established techniques are x-rays and an ultrasound scan, as well as the feeling of the abdomen. The chronological references for the ultrasound scan are here, it is a more anticipated technique because we can use it since day 21; while x-rays take 45 days to discover a pregnancy.

The female's nourishment during gestation: The mother's necessities increase, especially in the last third of gestation. The fetus has since that moment a fast growth. At the end of gestation, the female's weight increases about 15 to 20% and she spends most of her time sleeping or resting. The contribution of supplements in the mother's food must be given to her during the last 15 days of gestation. Starting on the fifth week, it is precise to increase the food value at a 10% each week. The fetuses will need water and proteins to develop. The supplementary contributions we give the female must be channeled: at the end of gestation, the female's necessities for protein are 4 times higher than normal; the rations must have an index of at least 30% dry matter. The elements rich in proteins are eggs, liver and daily products. The necessity of minerals also increases.

Specific care: The gestating female must be correctly purged for parasites. This operation must be done at the beginning of her heat and then three weeks before labor. The vaccinations will take place right before reproduction so that she can transmit her immunity to the puppies. No vaccination should be done while the dog is in gestation. Canine Gestation illnesses

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