Common Dog Diseases

Distemper
This disease is characterized by diarrhea with mucus and, sometimes, traces of blood. Even when at first the dog may maintain his appetite and his normal activity, a loss of weight can be noticed. This is a highly contagious infectious disease, produced by a virus which usually is combined with bacteria. This disease affects puppies as well as adult dogs.

The symptoms usually appear after four or ten days of incubation. The animal is usually lethargic, with fever, conjunctivitis and clear eye and nasal secretion. After the first phase the symptoms usually disappear, but just to come back accompanied by vomiting and bloody diarrhea. In the third phase, the respiratory system gets infected; there is coughing, expectoration, etc.

The animal will show a clear rejection to exposure to direct light. Three or four weeks after the infection, the nervous symptoms appear and are made manifest when the dog starts shaking and having spasms that usually cause the classical teeth clashing, generally accompanied with foam coming out of the mouth. There is yet another type of appearance characterized by the proliferation of tissue on the pads, which acquire a hardness and abnormal growth.

To sum up, we suggest you vaccinate your dog regularly since, as mentioned before, this disease can appear in young dogs as well as in adult ones.

Treating Dog Tetanus
This disease is produced when the germ spores get into the wounds, helped by the existence of suppuration and the depth of the wound. The symptoms appear four or eight hours after contagion with chronic muscular spasms. Besides, the eyelids go up and the animal has difficulties swallowing. In most cases, the animal will die within 5 days.

A good word of advice: cleaning any and all wounds well, paying particular attention to the deep ones is a good way of preventing this disease.

Leptospirosis
The two most commonly serotypes that are implicated with dogs are the hemorrhagic leptospira and the leptospira canicola. The transmission of the disease can be caused by the direct contact with infected animals or eating or breathing in infected matter. The disease can also be infected sexually, through the mother during pregnancy or by contact with infected food. Rats and their urine are the most common source of contagion. After the disease penetrates through the nose or skin, it is distributed through the vein to the kidneys and to the whole body. The disease is not always noticeable, which is why it is absolutely necessary for the veterinarian to conduct a serologic test on your dog.

We recommend you take your dog to get vaccinated when he is nine weeks old and a second dose three weeks after the first vaccination. We also recommend the annual vaccination.

Bleishmanionis
This group of diseases is caused by protozoan parasites that are transmitted by mosquitoes of the Phlebotomus family. We would have to divide this disease into two:

Skin leishmanionis - It is very common and is manifested with alopecia, exfoliative dermatitis, depigmentation and ulceration.

Visceral leishmanionis - This is a chronic disease that is manifested with anemia, intermittent irexia and generalized lymphadenopathy.

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