Dog Hereditary Defects



Usually affected breeds

Throat and lips fissures

Could be hereditary, but some other factors, as nutritional deficiencies in the female dog can cause it.

American Cocker Spaniel, Small English Hound, Boston Terrier, Bulldog, Dachshund Shih Tzu


Some dogs seem indifferent, even stupid, till this disease is diagnosed.

American Foxhound, Bullterrier, , Dachshund, Collie, English Foxhound, Great Dane


A double line of eyelashes, normally in the upper part of the eyelids. Causes serious irritation, and an excessive production of tears. Surgery is the only effective treatment in the long term.

American Cocker Spaniel, Bedlington Terrier, Boston Terrier, Boxer, Kerry Blue Terrier


An outward turning of the eyelid. Causes conjunctivitis and cornea inflammation, and increases tears productions. Requires surgery.

Cocker Spaniel, Basset Hound, Bulldog, Clumber Spaniel, Saint Bernard

Hip articulation dysplasia

Hip articulations deformed. Various symptoms, lameness in most serious cases, in slight cases it could go unnoticed. Detected through X rays. Hereditary.

American Cocker Spaniel, English Setter, German Shepherd, Giant Schnauzer, Zetlander Shepherd

Intervertebral disks anomaly

Symptoms depend on localization of the disease, as well as diagnostic for treatment. A limited rest is basic. Surgery can help.

American Cocker Spaniel, Small English Hound, Dachshund, Pekinese

Kneepan luxation

Limping at five months old. Produced by the displacement of the knee or kneecap bone. Surgery is the only treatment.

Boston Terrier, Chihuahua, Pomeranian, Yorkshire Terrier

Progressive retinal atrophy

The first symptom could be troubles in night vision. It's progressive, and finally causes blindness. It can last months or years. Hereditary. Different kinds of this atrophy are believed to be inherited in different ways.

Border Collie, English Cocker Spaniel, English Springer Spaniel, Golden Retriever, Gordon Setter, Labrador Retriever, Pekinese, Pomeranian, Samoyed, Poodle, Welsh

Umbilical hernia

Without doubt, huge inflammation around the navel, produced by the partial exit of abdomen's contents. If necessary could be cured with surgery.

Basenji, Bullterrier, Collie, Pekinese, Pointer, Weimaraner

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