What are the symptoms of commotion in a dog?

There are may causes for commotion besides a lost of blood, including intoxication, fractures and burns. Symptoms are unmistakable. The dog gets weaker and the color of his extremities disappears; he looks cold, often staggering, and not too inclined to keep standing. The heart pulse increases notably, while the respiratory rhythm tends to be not too deep and quick. Keep the dog warm (not excessively) and calm, trying everything possible to eliminate commotion symptoms. If you have to take him to the veterinary, wrap up him carefully with a blanket, and make the trip as comfortable as possible. Don't give him alcohol, it could be self-defeating.

Is it possible to distinguish between a fracture and a dislocation?

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