Preparing Meals and Snacks for Rabbits and Guinea Pigs

Rabbits, guinea pigs and hamsters are grazing animals are need similar food. One of the most important elements of feeding them all is water. All these animals often get a large portion of their water from fruits and vegetables, but should always have fresh water available. Water bottles are easily emptied by leaking out and if left standing can become contaminated. You should change water for your small pets daily.

Preparing and feeding hay: Hay is a foundation of rabbit and guinea pig diets. They should have a fresh supply of hay every day to keep their digestive system regular. Both animals are natural grazers and should be allowed to eat as much as they like. If possible, feed Timothy hay, although any grass hay will do. Hay that is from legumes, like alfalfa can be fed, but are high in calcium which can cause bladder stones and so should be fed in moderation.

Prepare fresh hay. Purchase from a feed store or a farmer. Hay in grocery stores and pet stores may sit for months before purchase. Always check you hay before feeding it to your pet.

Preparing Pellets: Pellets should be stored in an airtight container in a cool dark place. Feed only high quality pellets formulated specifically for your kind of pet. Avoid fancy mixes that include seeds, dried fruit and colored cereal. These are not a natural part of rabbit and guinea pig's diets. These pellets should be fed in a limited amount. Feed pellets at the same time every day and remove any uneaten pellets after an hour.

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